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> 托福 > 托福聽(tīng)力教程 > 曲根托福詞匯整理 >  第1篇

曲根托福詞匯整理(字母c-f)

所屬教程:曲根托福詞匯整理

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xiaoming

2022年08月06日

手機版
掃描二維碼方便學(xué)習和分享
https://online2.tingclass.net/lesson/shi0529/10000/10533/曲根托福詞匯整理(字母c-f).mp3
https://image.tingclass.net/statics/js/2012
List 1
1.Cacophonous:發(fā)音不和諧的,嘈雜的   cacophony  Phon=>sound
Euphonious: eu=>well  悅耳的   eulogy:頌詞
Phonograph: graph=>to write  留聲機     Symphony: 交響樂(lè )
2.callous:無(wú)情的,心腸狠的  calloused hands 長(cháng)滿(mǎn)老繭的
3.calumniate:誹謗,中傷(vilify,malign)  calumny
Slander:(口頭)誹謗,破口大罵   slender:苗條
Libel:(文字)誹謗  label:標簽
4.camouflage:(軍事上)偽裝  belie  disguise   dissimulate
Masquerade:偽裝
5.cantankerous:脾氣壞的
Peevish:(pee)(pervert)       bilious:(bile:膽)
Irascible:(erase、rase)       liverish:(liver:肝臟)
Crabbed:(crab:螃蟹)
Waspish:(wasp:黃蜂)
6.canvass:游說(shuō)(lobby),拉票;細查,討論   Canvas:帆布
7.captious:吹毛求疵的,挑剔的
Cap=>head(capital captain);to catch(capture)
Cape:斗篷;海角(the cape of good hope)   captivate:使迷惑
Caption:圖片標題,插圖(illustration)說(shuō)明   capitulate:surrender投降
Precipice:懸崖(cliff) precipitious:陡峭的  cavil:吹毛求疵  carp:鯉魚(yú)
Finicky:吹毛求疵的     Fastidious:難以取悅的 fast:齋戒

Lsit 2
1.Cardinal:主要的,最重要的 paramount minor card/cord=>heart
Cordial:熱心的,熱情的   cardiologist:心臟病專(zhuān)家
Cardiac:心臟的 ~surgery   concord:和諧一致 Discord:不和諧,不一致
2.carnage:屠殺,大屠殺 carn=>flesh carnivore/herbivore/omnivore
Omni=>all   age=>變成一個(gè)動(dòng)作的結果
Carnal:肉體的,肉欲的  ~pleasure  spiritual
Carcass:(動(dòng)物的)尸體  ass:屁股;驢   Reincarnate:使轉世,使化身
Slay        slaughter      massacre         assassinate/assassin  
execute   lynch:處以私行     holocaust   caust=>burn
3.cataclysm:災難,大洪水  disaster   aster=>star
Catastrophe  cata=>down/fully  catalogue      calamity
4.censorious:受批判的  censor=>審查 censorship
Censure:譴責,批判    Census:人口普查   Consensus:共識
5.cession:割讓?zhuān)D讓   cess/ceed/cede=>to go  access
Su+雙寫(xiě)=>sub  success     Cede:割讓?zhuān)D讓
Recede:后退,倒退         intercede:調停,調解
Concede:妥協(xié),讓步/admit/avow/aver   secede:脫離,退出 se=>apart
Accede:加入/concent        antecede:ante=>before 先行,超過(guò)
Precede:先于…  precedent:先例   unprecedented:史無(wú)前例的

List 3
1.chastise:嚴懲,懲罰  punish
Chasten:體罰,懲罰     chast/cast=>pure/throw
Chaste:純潔的,貞潔的     Caste:(印度社會(huì )種族)階級
Castigate:譴責censure/懲罰chastise
Overcast:gloomy/cloudy/憂(yōu)郁的
Downcast:沮喪的dejected           
Outcast:被驅逐的
2.chauvinism:沙文主義 nihilism:虛無(wú)主義
male ~:大男子主義    jingoism:金戈主義
3.chivalrous:有武士風(fēng)度,紳士風(fēng)度的  val=>strong/value
Cavalier:騎士 knight     valiant:英勇的gallant/gall    valor/valorous
Convalesce:恢復,康復 recover   invalid:無(wú)效的/病人
4.choreography:舞蹈學(xué)  chore=>sing/dance  choreographer
Choir:唱詩(shī)班     chorus:合唱隊,和音
5.circumlocution:累贅的陳述 loc/log/loqu=>speak
Loquacious:話(huà)多的           eloquent:口才好的,雄辯的
Obloquy:誹謗 calumny       interlocution:對話(huà)    eulogy
Colloquy:談話(huà),閑談 colloquial:口頭的 ~language   acious=>many
Soliloquy:自言自語(yǔ)              sol=>alone

List 4
1.clairvoyance:透視力,洞察力 insight  acumen   Voy/vis=>to see
2.clement:和藹可親的  benign  amiable  amicable
Inclement:狂暴的;冷酷無(wú)情的  
3.cogitate on:思考,考慮 agitate:煽動(dòng),鼓動(dòng)
Deliberate:on purpose/cogitate  deliberately  libertine
Contemplate: temple=>寺廟、太陽(yáng)穴
Ruminate on      Ponder that/over:pound=>磅  er=>反復
4.coltish:輕佻的,不受拘束的,小馬似的  mule/mulish   bull/bullish
Colt:小馬  jolt:顛簸  molt:脫毛,換羽  dolt:傻瓜
5.combustible:易燃的 burst/burn    Spontaneous combustion:自燃
Inflammable:易燃的/易怒的      Ignite:點(diǎn)燃     kindle:點(diǎn)燃
6.commensurate with:相稱(chēng)的,相當的 measure
Tantamount to:相等的 Congruent:全等的,一致的
Commemorate:紀念     
Consummate:圓滿(mǎn)的,完美的/完美完成     summit:頂峰,頂點(diǎn)
7.complacent:自滿(mǎn)的,得意的 please   Complaisant:順從的,討好的
8.conciliation:安撫,安慰  conciliate  cil=>call
Reconcile:和解 be reconciled with   supercilious:傲慢無(wú)禮的
9.condiment:調味品 seasoning  season:加調料  cond=>hide abscond
Recondite:深奧難懂的  Opaque  

List 5
1.confide:傾訴,委托,相信  fid=>to believe  confident
Confidant:密友,知己   Diffident:缺乏自信的
Fidelity:忠誠    Perfidious:per=>away disloyal 不忠的,背信棄義的
Defy:違抗  defiance/defiant  deny
2.constrict:壓縮,限制 restrict  strict/strain=>tighten  restraint
Astrict:束縛,使收縮  constrain:拘禁/抑制 restrain:抑制、限制           
compress:壓縮   oppress:壓抑,壓迫
suppress(強權的)鎮壓      repress(正當的)鎮壓
3.contiguity:接觸,接近  ~ of A and B  tig=>tact/tang=>to touch
Tact:機智,圓滑    intact:完好無(wú)損的,完整的 
tangle:(物體,關(guān)系)糾纏 le=>反復  tangible:能觸摸到的
contagion:接觸性傳染  contagious   proximity to:鄰近,接近
4.contumacy:拒不服從,倔強  tum=>bloated  tumor
Contumely:傲慢無(wú)禮   Tumid:腫脹的  Tumult:騷亂,動(dòng)亂
5.conundrum:謎語(yǔ) riddle puzzle   enigma  enigmatic
6.convict:證明有罪 acquit  vict/vinc=>to conquer
Conviction:有罪、相信/堅信
Evict:(從房屋內)驅逐         invincible:不可征服的   
Evince:表明                 vanquish:征服
7.convivial friends:歡宴的  vivi/vit=>life/live  vitamin
Vivacious:活潑的Vivify:使生動(dòng)   Vitality:生命力 vitalize:激發(fā),激勵

List 6
1.corporate:法人的,共同的,全體的 corporation copor=>body
Incorporate:體現embody/合并  corporeal:肉體的/物質(zhì)的/有形的
Corpulent:肥胖的,臃腫的     corpse:body
2.cosmic:宇宙的  cosm=>universe  insular:島嶼的/狹隘的
Cosmos:宇宙   cosmopolitan:世界性的,世界主義的/四海為家的
3.craven:懦夫,膽小鬼 timid/coward  
Cringe:畏縮,害怕/adulate諂媚     cavern:洞穴,大上凍
Fringe:邊緣 infringe:侵犯,違反
4.crusade:十字軍東征/改革運動(dòng)  ade:名詞后綴,表集合cruc=>cross
Crucial:關(guān)鍵的,至關(guān)重要的 crux:關(guān)鍵,要點(diǎn) crucify:使折磨,使痛苦
5.curt:簡(jiǎn)短而草率的    curb:抑制/馬路邊  goad:刺激,激發(fā)/趕牛棒
6.cynic:犬儒主義,憤世嫉俗者 cyn=>dog
Cynical unbelieving/sarcastic       cynicism
7.dearth:缺乏  shortage/lack
Paucity:pauper乞丐 poverty      
Deficiency:sufficient充足的
Scarcity:scarce缺乏的 scar scant scanty
Glut:gluttony饕餮,暴食 glutinous:黏的
Plethora:plenty        scad:scarce
8.debris:碎片,殘骸  space debris

List 7
1.decipher:破譯,解碼  cipher=>密碼 code:密碼,代碼/準則,原則
Encode:加密碼  decode:解碼
2.deduct:扣除  deductible  deductibles  duce/duct=>to lead
Duct:導管    abduct:誘拐,拐賣(mài) kidnap   aqueduct:水渠   
conduce to:contribute to  seduce sb into doing:(色)勾引  
induce sb to do:(言語(yǔ))引誘
3.default:默認值/疏忽職責/拖欠  fall/false=>mistake
Fallible:易犯錯的   infallibility:一貫正確   fallacy:謬論  
falsify:篡改,偽造    falsehood:虛假,謊言  false tooth
4.deleterious:有害的,有毒的  baneful   Indelible:不可磨滅的
Detrimental:有害的 trim:修剪/整齊的,整潔的
5.delineate:(圖片,文字)描繪  line
Depict:描繪  recount:重新清點(diǎn)/講述  relate:講述,敘述
6.delinquency:行為不良,(青少年)犯罪  juvenile delinquency
Rejuvenate:返老還童   junior:大三生/年少的Senior:長(cháng)者/大四學(xué)生
7.delirium:精神狂亂,狂喜  insane  Delirious  lure:誘惑
demented:精神錯亂的 mental   deranged:精神錯亂的 range
in frenzy:extreme excitement  freak:瘋子,怪胎
8.deluge:洪水,大雨/泛濫,淹沒(méi)  lu/lau=>to wash  laundry
Dilute:稀釋?zhuān)瑳_淡 dilate:膨脹,擴大  lavish:奢侈浪費的/浪費
lavatory:廁所,盥洗室

list 8
1.demarcate:劃分界限  mark
immaculate:spotless無(wú)瑕的 maculate maculated   flaw:瑕疵 flawless
2.demur:提出異議,反對  demure:端莊的/嚴肅的  mature
Decry:抗議,譴責   descry:遠遠看到   describe
deprecate:抗議,譴責     depreciate:貶值,貶低
3.denunciation:(公開(kāi))譴責  denounce announce scold  pronunciation  
Renounce:放棄權利,信仰    enunciate:闡明/articulate illuminate
Reprove:反對,譴責  approve   re=>against
Reproach:反對,譴責  approach
Reprehend:反對,譴責  comprehend
reprimand:反對,譴責  command
rebuke:反對,譴責     不可
4.deport:舉止(deportment)驅逐(deportation)  port=>carry
Portable:便攜的  potable:drinkable     Disport:嬉戲
5.destitution:窮困,缺乏,貧窮  stitute=>to stand 
Destitute:貧窮的  prostitute:妓女prostitution  restitute:償還,歸還
Institute  constitute  substitute   sist=>stand  subsist on fish:live on
Impoverish:使貧窮  penury:貧窮peny  indigent:貧窮的

List 9
1.Deteriorate:惡化   worsen  exacerbate  aggravate  terror
Deter:阻嚇,阻礙  deterrent:阻礙物
Ameliorate:改善,提高  inprove  male=>evil  hire/fire
2.dexterous:靈巧的,慣用右手的  dextr=>right  ambidextrous
Dexterity:敏捷,靈巧
3.diatribe:抨擊,謾罵 Tribe:部落  dia=>between/across  diagonal
Accolade:表?yè)P,贊美 collar:領(lǐng)子 acclaim:喝彩,稱(chēng)贊  
commend:公開(kāi)贊揚 command recommend  eulogize:歌頌 eulogy
exalt、extol:高歌頌揚 altitude  tall
Compliment:贊揚  complement:補充  laud:歌頌 lord:上帝
4.dilapidated:年久失修的,破舊的 lapid=>stone  Lapidary:寶石工藝匠  
Derelict:棄置的、玩忽職守的  relics:遺跡  relinquish:(勉強)放棄
Decrepit:衰老的、破舊的    cre=>create
5.discompose:不安  compose:創(chuàng )作composition/組成/鎮定composure
Decompose:分解    pose=>to put  im=>on
Expose:暴露 propose:提出/求婚 dispose:處理/陳列 impose:強加于
Depose:罷免,免職  repose:睡覺(jué),休息  transpose:改換位置/順序
juxtapose:并排放 junction:連接處 conjunction:連詞superimpose:疊加
6.disillusion:幻滅/大失所望 illusion:幻覺(jué) delusion:幻覺(jué) lus/lud=>play
Prelude:前奏  interlude:間奏  postlude:尾聲   delude:deceive
Allude to:暗指  collude:勾結/串通  elude:躲避  elusive:晦澀難懂的

List 10
1.disposed:有…傾向的 be disposed to
Disposition:性情,性格  indisposition:微恙,小病  predisposition:傾向
Penchant:傾向,喜好  inclination   
orientation:開(kāi)學(xué)適應/religious political sexual傾向
2.disseminate:散布,散開(kāi)  dis=>apart  semin=>seed  seminar semen
Inseminate:受精,使懷孕  artificial insemination
3.distraught:不安的,發(fā)狂的  distract:分心,分散注意力 
tract=>draw  contract:拉緊,收縮  attract
detract:貶低,詆毀  protract:延長(cháng)  extract:拔出,取出/摘錄  
subtract:減去  intractable:難以駕馭管束的retract:收回,取消
4.divestiture:deprive剝奪/take off脫衣服divest vest:背心life vest/賦予
Transvestite:異裝癖者  travesty:拙劣的模仿
Strip:脫衣服off  a strip show/剝奪   don:穿上   doff:脫去
5.dormant: dormitory睡眠狀態(tài),靜止的dormant/active/extinct volcano
Slumber:sleeper  hibernate:冬眠
6.drab:土褐色的,單調的  crab
Monotonous:單調的   dreary:沉悶的,乏味的
humdrum:單調,乏味   tedious: 冗長(cháng)乏味的 extend
Monologue:獨白

List 11
1.drudge:做苦工(的人)  drive
Toil to:苦干 toilet    fag:苦干  fact
2.ebullience:熱情洋溢,沸騰  
Exultant:興高采烈 exult  exalt  exuberant:茂盛的/興高采烈
exhilarate:使高興,激動(dòng)  exhilarating  hilarious:令人捧腹的
3.elicit:套話(huà),誘出  draw out the secret from sb  lic=>lure  lust
Licit:legal licence    illicit:illegal
4.elope:私奔,逃走  lope:d大步慢跑  lop=>leg/run  gallop:(馬)飛奔
5.eminent:顯赫的,杰出的  eminence  
Prominent:突出的,顯赫的  preeminent:突出的,顯赫的
Imminent:即將發(fā)生的 imminent war/disaster  renowned:卓越顯赫的
6.emollient:柔軟的/潤膚劑 moll=>soft  mill
Mollify:軟化/安撫,減輕 beautify mollusk:軟體動(dòng)物
demolish:拆遷/摧毀  devastate
7.enervate:削弱,虛弱  enervated  nerve
Debilitate:衰弱,虛弱 ability    enfeeble:使虛弱  feeble虛弱的
8.ensue:跟著(zhù)發(fā)生 a fight ensued after…
Sue:(經(jīng)濟)charge   hue:色調  cue:暗指,暗示  rue:regret

List 12
1.entomology:昆蟲(chóng)學(xué)  tom=>cut  atom  insect  sect=>cut
Anatomy:就剖學(xué)    epitome:abstract摘要/a good example范例,縮影
Bisect:一分為二 bi=>two   dissect:解剖  intersect:橫切,橫斷
2.epidemic:流行的,傳染的  epi=>on/among/behind  epigraph
挨批米修斯/潘多拉 epi epilogue     普羅米修斯  pro prologue
Demo=>people  democracy:民主     demographic:人口統計學(xué)的
Endemic:地方性的  pandemic:全國流行的   pan=>all
3.equilibrium:平衡   libr=>libra:天平  equa=>equal
Equitable:公正的,公平的  equable:(性格)溫和的  iniquity:不公正
Disinterested:公正的,公平的   uninterested
4.etch:蝕刻   itch:撓癢癢    efface:擦除,抹去  erase
Deface:損壞..的表面   facet:面/aspect   facade:(建筑物)正面
facetious:好開(kāi)玩笑的,不嚴肅的 
5.euphoria:精神歡快   phor=>fer=>to carry  
Defer:delay 推遲,延期   confer:協(xié)商  conference
Glee:高興     bliss:極樂(lè )/美滿(mǎn) bless   mirth:高興 miracle:奇跡
ecstasy:狂喜

list 13
1.excrete:排泄,分泌  secrete:分泌/藏匿  secret  cret=>separate
Discrete:分開(kāi)的,不連續的    discreet:小心翼翼的
2.exculpate:開(kāi)罪,脫罪  culp=>guilt  inculpate:證明有罪
Culpable:有罪的/應受譴責的   culprit:罪犯
3.exempt:免除/被免除的 be exempt from
empt/em=>to take example
Preempt:搶先占有/優(yōu)先購買(mǎi)  redemption:贖回/救贖redeem red=>re
4.exonerate:證明無(wú)罪  oner/on=>burden
Onerous:繁苛的,繁重的  onus:負擔 burden
5.explicable:可說(shuō)明的,可解釋的  explain  plic/ply=>fold multiply
Explicate:解釋?zhuān)f(shuō)明 explain  implicate:暗示/牽連,卷入 imply
explicit:直接的,明顯的      implicit:含蓄隱晦的
6.extemporize:即興創(chuàng )作  improvise   temporary  contemporary
Offhand:即興的    impromptu:即興的  prompt:立即的,迅速的
7.extricate:使解脫,救出   trick  intricate:complicated
8.exude:流出,滲出   sweat/sweater  exodus:大批的離開(kāi) influx
Ooze:緩慢地滲出

List 14
1.fallow:休耕地,休耕的  fellow   follow   fall  in use
Callow:年輕而無(wú)經(jīng)驗的/羽翼未豐的
wallow:打滾  hallow:奉為神圣
2.fawn:小鹿/on奉承,討好 
fauna:animal groups動(dòng)物群 flora:植物群
Adulate/cringe  flatter:諂媚 flat   toady:拍馬屁/馬屁精 today
sycophant:諂媚的/馬屁精  suck up to
3.feign:假裝   ~ death  pretend  feint:假裝/佯攻
Simulate:模擬/假裝  similar
4.flag:衰退,衰減  wane  fl=>fly/bend
Flee:逃離  fling:猛扔,猛拋  flit:掠過(guò),飛走  fleeting:短暫的
flinch:畏縮,退縮  flexible time
5.flamboyant:(著(zhù)裝)炫耀的,華麗的  boisterous  boycott
Ostentatious:張揚的  showy:炫耀
6.flaunt:揮動(dòng)/炫耀
Gaunt:憔悴的  daunt:恐嚇/使氣餒  
vaunt:吹牛  taunt:嘲笑
haunt:縈繞  jaunt:(短途)旅行  
saunter:漫步徘徊

list 15
1.flip:投,擲/輕率的,無(wú)禮的flippant  flip a coin   toss up
2.flock:羊群/鳥(niǎo)群/人群 a flock of
Herd:牛群   school/shoal:魚(yú)群   pack:狼群 wolf  pride:獅群 lion swarm:蜜蜂群bee   gaggle:鵝群 goose
3.flout:藐視,違抗  defy
Tout:拉客/極力贊揚   snout:口鼻部sn=>nose sneeze  snore
rout:擊敗,打敗
4.foliage:樹(shù)葉,植物    foli=>leaf
Defoliate:使落葉    foliate:葉狀的
5.forestall:預防,阻止 prevent  install:安裝  stall:停止
Foreshadow:預示   foresight:有遠見(jiàn)  forebear:祖先 ancestor  foreboding:預感,兇兆 omen
6.forfeit:沒(méi)收,喪失  feit=>fact=>make
Surfeit:飲食過(guò)度 sur=>on/more     counterfeit:偽造(錢(qián))
Confiscate:沒(méi)收,充公  fiscal:財政的

List 16
1.forger:偽造者,鐵匠  forge:偽造(書(shū),文)/鑄造  fake  counterfeit
2.fossilise:使成為化石  fossil   oss=>bone  ash:骨灰
Ossify:骨化/使思想僵化,墨守成規  ossuary:骨灰盒
3.fraud:(對公眾的)欺騙 佛洛依德 defraud:欺騙 fraudulent:不誠實(shí)的
Delude:欺騙   deceive:欺騙
4.frivolity:輕浮,草率  fri=>free   vol=>will   frivolous
Volition:意志力,決心  
5.fugitive:逃亡者,亡命者   refugee:難民   fug=>escape
Centrifugal force:離心力    fugacious:易逃逸的
6.futile:無(wú)用的,瑣碎的  fragile 注意讀音   Fertile:肥沃的  
Fut/fus/fud=>pour  refuse  confuse
Refute:反駁,駁斥  suffuse:充滿(mǎn)(情感/色彩)  profuse:充沛的/浪費的
diffuse:彌漫,擴散  infuse:灌輸  effuse:流出,瀉出  
effusive:熱情洋溢的  fuddle:喝醉/使迷惑
7.gainsay:否認  avow/aver  gain=>against
Negate:negative否認   disclaim:否認,否定
8.garnish:裝飾(菜)    garlic:大蒜    adorn  ornament
Garish:俗艷的  garment:服裝
Embellish:裝飾   emblazon:(圖案,文字)裝飾   festoon:張燈結彩
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